Dilaudid: A Guide

Dilaudid is the brand name for the prescription drug hydromorphone. This immediate-release drug, which is in the opioid analgesics category, is a controlled substance that is designed to change how your body feels and responds to pain.

Hydromorphone is available as an oral tablet, a liquid oral solution, and an injection that must be administered by a medical professional. Dilaudid is most commonly prescribed as an oral tablet.


Reasons for Using Dilaudid

Doctors prescribe Dilaudid to individuals with moderate to severe pain who haven’t seen success from other treatments or medications. While it is not completely known how this drug relieves pain, it’s believed that Dilaudid acts on opioid receptors in the central nervous system.

People typically use Dilaudid to treat physical pain that affects their everyday lives.


Dosages of Dilaudid

A person’s dosage of Dilaudid will depend on several factors including age, the severity of their pain, and other medical conditions. Doctors will typically start by prescribing patients the smallest dosage. If a patient responds positively, the doctor may increase their dose. Dilaudid is available in 2mg, 4mg, and 6mg & should always be used according to dosage.


Dilaudid Side Effects

Like many other opioid analgesics, Dilaudid comes with a risk of dependence and addiction. This risk is high if the patient has a history of substance abuse.

The side effects of Dilaudid can be either mild or serious. Mild symptoms should only last a few days or weeks at most. These side effects may include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Sweating
  • Flushing
  • Euphoric effects
  • Dry mouth
  • Itching

More severe side effects of Dilaudid may include heart problems, vision changes, nervous system issues, stomach issues, mood changes, blood pressure changes, and breathing complications. If you experience any of these serious symptoms, contact your doctor as soon as possible.


Using Dilaudid Responsibly

While Dilaudid may be dangerous if misused, it can successfully relieve pain if used responsibly. Here are some tips for responsibly using Dilaudid:

  1. Do not miss doses or stop using it suddenly. Your pain will likely not subside.
  2. Don’t take too much. This could risk addiction or an overdose.
  3. Do not drink alcohol while using Dilaudid.
  4. Be aware of your allergies and look out for reactions.
  5. Take Dilaudid with food.
  6. Take this medication at scheduled times each day.
  7. Store Dilaudid at room temperature away from the light.

Dilaudid works best when combined with physical therapy and other types of treatment. It can be combined with certain other medications; if you are prescribed Dilaudid, talk to your doctor before you take any other medications. This drug is only meant to be used for a short period of time. If you’re using Dilaudid for an extended amount of time, it may be time to discuss possible alternatives with your doctor.


If you or a loved one experiences moderate to severe physical pain, Dilaudid may be a good fit. Consider your history and conditions before starting this medication. For more information about Dilaudid, what it does, and its possible side effects, contact our team of medical and substance abuse professionals by calling 267.209.7312.